The Horn of Africa Initiative has embraced a country-led approach in ensuring the realization of its mandate. Today the Initiative’s membership spans 7 countries – that share and believe in a common destiny.
The Member countries are not only interconnected, given their geographical proximity and linkages to the Horn of Africa – but they similarly face common challenges – which may include famine and further climate shocks, the impact of COVID -19 and locust swarms. The participating countries need holistic approaches, making it therefore necessary to closely collaborate and to seek for regional solutions to complement country approaches.
The following 7 countries are represented in the HoAI.
Djibouti is a small country strategically located on the northeast coast of the Horn of Africa, occupying an area of 23,200 sq km. It shares borders with Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia.
Kenya is the third-largest economy in sub-Saharan Africa after Nigeria and South Africa. The country is considered the economic and financial hub of East Africa. It has a population of 48.4 million as of July 2018.
Ethiopia is a landlocked country in the Horn of Africa. It has a total area of 1,104,300 sq km and an estimated population of 108.4 million (July 2018). The country’s capital is Addis Ababa.
Its coastline faces the Red Sea and is shared by Saudi Arabia and Yemen. It has a total area of 117,000 square kilometers and its capital city is Asmara situated on the edge of the Eritrean highland in the northeastern part.
Somalia is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Guardafui Channel and Somali Sea to the east, and Kenya to the southeast. It has the longest coastline on Africa’s mainland and has a total area of 637,657 sq km. Its capital is Mogadishu.
Sudan is a country in Northeast Africa. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, Libya to the northwest, Chad to the west, the Central African Republic to the southwest, South Sudan to the south, Ethiopia to the southeast, Eritrea to the east, and the Red Sea to the northeast.